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Movement History

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This section contains historical documents from past campaigns and mobilizations, as well as pages with stories and resources from various campaigns I’ve been part of, including pages dedicated to Abbie Hoffman, Common Ground, and Camp Casey. You will find action agreements, direct action manuals, pictures, articles, reflections, and more; some organized by topic, some by mobilization, and some in multiple places where it makes sense.

The ability to evolve is necessary to the work of any social movement, and this ability rests both in paying attention in the present and in knowing our history.  Each generation has a chance to make things different, better, more just.   But this has never happened without struggle.  When engaged in struggle or conflict we face two choices – fight or flight.  If we decide to fight, we once again face two choices – we can fight violently or we can choose nonviolence.

Violence & Nonviolence

Questions about violence and nonviolence are HISTORICAL and will always create a debate in direct action movements because there are a variety of perspectives and experiences. Some will just never agree; what one may consider violent another may not. What might be violent in one situation may not be considered violent in another situations. Much of the problem that I see is when one group tries to impose their belief, will, and strategy on another. Instead of arguing, I have been focusing on learning how to develop trust and respectful relationships through building agreements and accountability when all the groups participating in an action are not in alignment on strategy and tactics. Below are some examples of action agreements that have been used over the years at various mobilizations to allow groups with diverse opinions to work together.

Direct Action Manuals

Manuals from Past Mobilizations and Movements